IGCSE - Key Stage Four (KS 4) Years 10-12


Cambridge IGCSE is the world's most popular international curriculum for 14-16 year olds, leading to globally recognized and valued Cambridge IGCSE qualifications. It incorporates the best in international education for learners at this level. It develops in line with changing needs, and is regularly updated and extended.

Cambridge IGCSE encourages learner-centered and enquiry-based approaches to learning. It develops learners' skills in creative thinking, enquiry and problem solving, giving learners excellent preparation for the next stage in their education.

Schools can offer any combination of subjects. Each subject is certificated separately. Over 70 subjects are available, including more than 30 language courses, offering a variety of routes for learners of different abilities. Cambridge IGCSE develops learner knowledge, understanding and skills in:

  • Subject content
  • Applying knowledge and understanding to familiar and new situations
  • Intellectual enquiry
  • Flexibility and responsiveness to change
  • Working and communicating in English
  • Influencing outcomes
  • Cultural awareness      

All I.G.C.S.E. pupils have to study four I.G.C.S.E main subjects in year 10. Those subjects are Biology, Mathematics, Chemistry and English as a Second Language.

A fifth I.G.C.S.E. Subject may be chosen (this is optional). For example, pupils coming from French preparatory schools do very well when take the French subject as a fifth subject in their first year.

Also, pupils in year 10 will have to study and pass the Arabic Language, Religion and Social Studies of the first Secondary (the Egyptian Curriculum).

In years 11 & 12, pupils choose the subject they wish to study according to their preferences and to the requirements of the faculty they would like to join later.

Pupils will also have to pass the Arabic language, Religion of the Egyptian second and third Secondary.

The school always offers academic advice for its pupils at all stages.

What are A-Level Subjects :

A levels are studied typically between the ages of 16-18 ( Years 11 and 12) , although mature pupils are encouraged.  The International AS and A- Level examinations are held twice a year in June and November . A- Levels can help you:

  • Get a place at college or university in Egypt or abroad 
  • Start the career you want 
  • Explore the subjects you are interested in

A-levels are offered by two main exam boards ; Cambridge International Examinations (CIE ) and Pearson Edexcel . Pupils usually complete their A-Levels in two courses, first they study the first half of the A-Level which is called AS-Level. In the second course, they study A2-level . The  results combined from both courses is the A-Level grade .There is a broad range of A-levels for you to choose from (Over 50 subjects ) , including Business, Science, Arts and Humanities subjects we encourage you to study the subjects you'll enjoy. However, we recommend the following choices in preparation for specific degree areas:

Science, Medicine and Engineering: Math, Further Math, Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

Business, Humanities and Law: Math, Economics, Accountancy, Business Studies, English Literature and Psychology.


Assessment for Cambridge IGCSE includes written and oral tests, coursework and practical assessment. Schools have the option of assessing learners using only external examinations or, in most subjects, combining examinations with coursework. Coursework is set and marked by the teacher and externally moderated by Cambridge.

Each learner's performance is benchmarked using eight internationally recognised grades. There are clear guidelines which explain the standard of achievement for different grades. Cambridge IGCSE examination sessions occur twice a year, in May/June and October/November. Results are issued in August and January.

 IGCSE Grading: 

Students are assessed and awarded grades based on their achievement, using the Chatsworth grading system and occasionally the Cambridge IGCSE grading system. The external examination grades available

are : A*, A , B, C, D, E, F, G, U where all grades are a pass except U, which indicates the student has failed to achieve a satisfactory result.

An approximate comparison of the two grading systems is given below:

Grade Letter Explanation
A/A* The student displays distinct mastery of the subject, is meticulous in his/her knowledge, skill and understanding, even in the most complex aspects of the course
B Commendable performance with evidence of excellent knowledge, skill and understanding
C Evidence of good knowledge, skill and understanding in most areas
D Evidence of good knowledge, skill and understanding in some areas
E Knowledge, skill and understanding are basic or weak in some areas
F Knowledge, skill and understanding are weak in a range of areas - the student is in danger of failing
G/U Knowledge, skill and understanding are below the level required to pass the course


IGCSE Subjects:

English - First Language:

Designed for pupils for whom English is their mother tongue, IGCSE First Language English develops the ability to communicate clearly, accurately and effectively in both speech and writing. Pupils learn how to employ a wide-ranging vocabulary, use correct grammar, spelling and punctuation, and develop a personal style and an awareness of the audience being addressed. Pupils are also encouraged to read widely, both for their own enjoyment and to further their awareness of the ways in which English can be used. IGCSE First Language English also develops more general analysis and communication skills such as synthesis, inference, and the ability to order facts and present opinions effectively. We were able to create a distinguished environment for our pupils where they excel in language usage ; listening , speaking and literature which are handled on weekly basis. Our target is to pave the way for experts to grow .

English - Second Language (oral endorsement) :

Cambridge IGCSE English as a Second Language is designed for pupils who already have a working knowledge of the language and who want to consolidate their understanding in order to progress in their academic or professional career. The qualification reflects the widespread use of English in education and commerce, and also in entertainment. The aim is to achieve a level of practical communication ideal for everyday use, which can also form the basis for further, more in-depth language study. In Syllabus 0510, marks for the oral component do not contribute to the overall grade candidates receive for the written components. A count-in oral component is offered in Syllabus 0511.

French - Foreign Language:

This is an examination designed for pupils learning French as a foreign language. The aim is to develop an ability to use the language effectively for purposes of practical communication. The course is based on the linked language skills of listening, reading, speaking and writing, and these are built on as students progress through their studies. The syllabus also aims to offer insights into the culture and civilization of countries where the language is spoken, thus encouraging positive attitudes towards language learning and towards speakers of foreign languages.


Through the IGCSE Geography syllabus, students will develop a 'sense of place' by looking at the world around them on a local, regional and global scale. Students will examine a range of natural and man-made environments, and learn about some of the processes which affected their development. They will also look at the ways in which people interact with their environment, and the opportunities and challenges an environment can present, thereby gaining a deeper insight into the different communities and cultures that exist around the world.


The IGCSE  History syllabus looks at some of the major international issues of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as well as covering the history of particular regions in more depth. The emphasis is on both historical knowledge and on the skills required for historical research. Students learn about the nature of cause and effect, continuity and change, similarity and difference and find out how to use and understand historical evidence as part of their studies. IGCSE History will stimulate any student already interested in the past, providing a basis for further study, and also encouraging a lifelong interest in the subject. Both coursework and non-coursework options are available.


An essential subject for all students, IGCSE Mathematics is a fully examined course which encourages the development of mathematical knowledge as a key life skill, and as a basis for more advanced study. The syllabus aims to build students' confidence by helping them develop a feel for numbers, patterns and relationships, and places a strong emphasis on solving problems and presenting and interpreting results. Students also learn how to communicate and reason using mathematical concepts.

Science - Combined:

IGCSE Combined Sciences gives students the opportunity to study Biology, Chemistry and Physics, each covered in separate syllabus sections. Students learn about the basic principles of each subject through a mix of theoretical and practical studies, whilst also developing an understanding of the scientific skills essential for further study. Students learn how science is studied and practiced, and become aware that the results of scientific research can have both good and bad effects on individuals, communities and the environment. As well as focusing on the individual sciences, the syllabus therefore enables students to better understand the technological world in which they live, and take an informed interest in science and scientific developments.

Physical Science:

As well as a subject focus, the IGCSE Physical Science syllabus enables students to better understand the technological world in which they live, and take an informed interest in science and scientific developments. Students learn about the basic principles of Physical Science through a mix of theoretical and practical studies. Students also develop an understanding of the scientific skills essential for further study at A Level, skills which are useful in everyday life. As they progress, students learn how science is studied and practiced, and become aware that the results of scientific research can have both good and bad effects on individuals, communities and the environment.

Religious Studies:

This wide-ranging syllabus aims to promote an enquiring, critical and sympathetic approach to the study of religion. Students will reflect on religious responses to moral issues, identify and explore questions about the meaning of life, and recognize the contribution of religion to patterns of belief and behavior. Students study Islam and Christianity, providing an introduction to the challenging and varied nature of religion.

Key to successful learning 

One of the keys to successful learning is the aligned curriculum ;this means that learning outcomes are clear, learning experiences are designed to assist student achievement of those outcomes, and carefully designed assessment tasks allow students to demonstrate achievement of those outcomes.


Parents of pupils in Green Heights International School can check on their kids grades online by using Engrade, a new web-based program the school offers .Engrade is our online grading system that allows teachers to post graded assignments and display that information for parents and pupils. It is particularly effective for establishing daily grade communication between pupils, parents, and teachers. Parents and pupils should constantly check the grades.

"Engrade is one important tool that Green Heights International Schools is making available to parents as a means to stay involved in their child's education. We encourage parents to log in to Engrade and take advantage of the many features available,"

Marking Scale

The following table represents the marking scale of the IGCSE Stage:


Assessment Percentage
Behaviour 10%
Homework 15%
Participation 10%
Quizzes 15%
Exam 50%
Total 100%

When a pupil doesn't meet the promotion standards for his or her stage in any of the school subjects, he / she has to attend a summer school.

Parent Conferences: (PTA)

Parent/Teacher Assembly (PTA) are held at the end of every trimester. Prior to these scheduled conferences, academically low achieving students receive a follow up report, notifying parents about the areas of concern. During these conferences, teachers report student achievement in each subject area highlighting areas of strength as well as areas in need of improvement.

Learning Support

GHIS provide regular support using the school's website, worksheets, and revision papers. Homework clubs will also provide extra support in English, Math and Science …


We help all pupils to  reach our target level 

We follow these steps:

  1. Identify weaknesses 
  2. Identify strengths of pupil 
  3. change the learning style for our pupils e.g. Kinesthetic, Auditory or Visual. 
  4. Provide him/her activities according to weaknesses and strength with special consideration of learning style. 
  5. Keep track of his/her progress.
  6. Join remedial classes if he/ she score below 50% in quiz or exam.

We create future leaders …..


The annual school assembly is one of the most important aspects in our school's curriculum. First, it provides us a good opportunity to meet together. It is a symbol of unity of our school. But most important of all is that it helps in developing our pupils' confidence in speaking English in front of a lot of people. Moreover it contributes in building our pupils' social character and helps them to explore their abilities and talents .

Math and Science Fair

GHIS a school that embraces your child's curious nature. Our mission is to empower young minds to understand and improve the world.

GHIS is geared to active learners with a passion for the sciences and mathematics. We provide pupils an inspiring environment to grow, thrive, and explore.

We encourage independent thinking by nurturing the inventive, quirky, and fearless spirits of its pupils. Our vision is influenced by prestigious high-achieving programs such as our annual Science and Math Fair. We grow critical thinking skills by engaging pupils with hands-on, project-based learning.

Spelling Bee

"A competition makes one strive to do better. It trains to seek out challenges and to endure setbacks."

Debate is one of the best tools that GHIS depends on , to develop oratory and speaking skills in our pupils which gives self-confidence to express themselves effectively and boldly to impress and convince the listeners.  Spelling competitions help the pupils to enhance their vocabulary with correct pronunciations whereas quiz gives an opportunity to boost general knowledge, understanding and presence of mind. All these competitions would certainly develop the critical thinking and creative skills which will make them to take appropriate decisions to do the progress in life.

Reading and Writing Festival

As part of our ongoing work to support English learning , we are pleased to be able to run exciting campaigns and competitions every term. The purpose of which are to inspire children to get involved in activities to improve their literacy. Reading and Writing competitions are held throughout the academic year to help our pupils flourish. There is no such thing as a child who hates reading. There are just children who love reading, and children who are reading the wrong books. Our mission is built on helping children learn to read and love to read. We believe that independent reading is a critical part of children's learning and growth. With support from teachers, parents, and schools, children choose the books they want to read ,and discover the pleasure and power of reading. Finding the right book at the right time can light an emotional spark within children that motivates them to read more, understand more, and read joyfully.

Successful Pupils are  those who:

  • Stay organized (desk, binder, backpack)
  • Take notes in all subjects
  • Have conversations with teachers
  • Set goals (short and long term)
  • Take pride in their work
  • Ask questions when they don't understand
  • Take responsibility for their actions and learning
  • Can work on their own
  • Can work in groups
  • Study with others
  • Can make good choices
  • Use class time wisely
  • Participate in school activities